1896 – Piano Rolls
A piano roll is a continuous roll of paper with holes punched into it. ┬áThe perforations represent note control data. ┬áThe roll moves over a reading system known as a ‘tracker bar’ and the playing cycle for each musical note is triggered when a perforation crosses the bar and is read.
An analog sound storage medium consisting of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove. ┬áThe groove usually starts near the periphery and ends near the center of the disc. ┬áPhonograph records are generally described by their diameter in inches (12-inch, 10-inc, 7-inch, etc).
The mass production of compact audio cassettes began in 1964 in Hanover, Germany. ┬áPrerecorded music cassettes (also known as Musicassettes; M.C. for short) were launched in Europe in late 1965. ┬áThe┬áMercury┬áRecord Company, a U.S. affiliate of Phillips, introduced M.C. to the U.S in July 1966.
1988 – Compact Discs
On March 2nd, 1983, CD players and discs were released in the U.S. and other markets. ┬áThis event is often seen as the “Big Bang” of the digital audio revolution. ┬áThe new audio disc was enthusiastically received, especially in the early-adpoting classical music and audiophile communities.
2001 – MP3 and iPod
The MP3 file format was approved by an audio consortium as a file format in 1993. ┬áThe iPod MP3 player was announced by Apple on October 23rd, 2001, and released on November 10th, 2001.
Present – The Cloud
The shift has gone from tangible mediums such as teh compact disc, towards getting full accesss to an entire library of music – litterally millions of sounds, that aren’t bound by just ‘Gigabytes’ of space. ┬áPandora, iTunes, Spotify, Rdio and even Grooveshark are taking our music consumption to the cloud!
What’s your preferred medium? ┬áVinyl addict or Cloud-or-bust?
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